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Water conservation is the practice of using water efficiently to reduce unnecessary water usage. Acc. to Fresh Water Watch, water conservation is important because fresh clean water is a limited resources, as well as costly one.

Major Purpose of Conservation-   

Conservation is the care and protection of these resources so that they can persist for future generations. it includes maintaining diversity of species, genes and ecosystems, as well as functions of the environment, such as nutrient cycling.

Why it's important to Conserve Water-

Since 71% of the earth is covered in water, some people can't help but wonder: Why should we conserve?
Here are a few important facts about water on this planet from the U.S. Department of Interior's Bureau of Reclamation:-
  • 97% of all of water on the earth is salt water, which is not suitable for drinking.
  • Only 3% of water on earth is fresh water and only 0.5% is available for drinking.
  • The other 2.5% of fresh water is locked in ice caps, glaciers, the atmosphere, soil or polluted for consumption.
  1. Water is essential to all life. Not only does it keep us and the animals and plants around us alive, but it also provide special habitats for wildlife.
  2. Conserving water can save your money. The less water you use, the less you may be charged by you water company.
  3. Conserving water saves energy. Energy is needed to filter, heat & pump water to your homes. So, reducing your water use also reduces your carbon footprints.
  4. It minimize the effect of draught.

Ways to Conserve Water-

  • At homes- 

  1. Always turn tap off tightly so they do not drip.
  2. Promptly repair any leaks in and around your tap.
  3. When brushing your teeth, turn the water off while you are actually brushing. use short bursts of water for cleaning your brush. ( this saves about 80% of the water normally used.
  4. When hand washing dishes, never run water continuously.
  5. Take short showers.
  • At gardens-

  1. Avoid watering the lawn on windy days. There is excessive evaporation. This can waste up to 300 gallons in a single watering.
  2. Do not water in the rain. Change or deactivate automatic sprinkles.
  3. Using a pail of soapy water, clean the car and make sure to drive it onto a lawn.
  4. Put a layer of mulch around trees and plants. It low down evaporation.

  • Outside the home-
  1. Turn off the faucet after using public washroom facilities.
  2. Do not use a hose to clean your sidewalks, patio or driveway. Use a broom or rake for cleaning and save hundred of gallons of water.
  3. Check your pool system is shut off valve. If the water level stays higher than normal and it overflows when people are using it, call your problem.
  4. Cover your pool or spa to reduce evaporation.
  5. Avoid purchasing recreational water toys that require a constant stream of water.

Strategies to support Water Conservation-

1.Rainwater Harvesting: Install a rain barrel to collect rain water, and use it water your lawn and garden or wash your car.

-Rooftop rainwater harvesting

-Revival of traditional water harvesting structures

-Recharge structures of wells and borewells

-Micro catchment water harvesting

2.Sustainable Water Usage: 

-Minimize domestic water consumption

-Recycling of waste water.

3.Encourage natural regeneration of vegetation & supplementing with artificial regeneration.

4.Maintain & improve the quality of water.

5.Raising awareness of water conservation.



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