Header Ads Widget




What is the definition
of drug and alcohol abuse?

It occurs when you use alcohol,
prescription medicine, and other legal and illegal 
substances too
much or in the wrong way. 
Substance abuse differs from addiction.
Many people with 
substance abuse problems are able to quit or
can change their unhealthy behavior. 
Addiction, on the other hand,
is a disease.

Use and abuse of drugs and
alcohol by teens is very common and can have serious consequences. In the 15-24
year age range, 50% of deaths (from accidents, homicides, 
suicides) involve alcohol or drug abuse. Drugs and alcohol
also contribute to physical and sexual aggression such as assault or rape.
Possible stages of teenage experience with alcohol and drugs include abstinence
(non-use), experimentation, regular use (both recreational and compensatory for
other problems), abuse, and dependency. Repeated and regular recreational use
can lead to other problems like 
anxiety and depression. Some teenagers regularly use drugs or alcohol to
compensate for anxiety, depression, or a lack of positive social skills.

Signs of drug
and alcohol abuse

Behavioral Signs

Behavioral signs
involve a person’s outward relations with the world whereas physical signs
relate to the body’s manifestation of side effects due to the presence of drugs
in the system. Behavioral signs include but are not limited to:


Acquiring and using
the drug become the main priorities of life while all or most other obligations
including work, family, or school are sidelined.


Although the drug
abuse is causing physical and mental distress to the individual and their loved
ones, the person struggling with addiction continues using drugs or alcohol.


Even in the face of
wanting to stop or reduce their drug use, the person cannot do so.


When confronted, the
person battling addiction will deny or downplay their drug use. To avoid having
to explain themselves to others, the person may do drugs in secret.

Drug abuse cannot
remain hidden for long. Its impact is too dramatic, and the person using drugs
can spiral out of control fast. Changes in behavior, neglecting
responsibilities, exhausting financial resources, and engaging in criminal
conduct are some of the most obvious signals of a drug problem. Family members,
loved ones, and coworkers are usually in the best position to recognize a drug
problem as they are familiar with the person’s behavior and habits.

Physical Signs

Physical signs of
addiction can manifest as side effects of use, during an overdose, or as a
result of withdrawal. It may be very difficult for someone to pinpoint the
cause of the physical signs, but severe effects will require immediate medical
. Also, it is important to understand that withdrawal
symptoms arise when the body adjusts to the absence of familiar quantities of a
drug. It is a natural process, but withdrawal
can be dangerous

General physical signs of addiction include but are not limited to:

Enlarged or small pupils

Sudden weight loss or gain

Bloodshot eyes


Unusual body odors

Poor physical coordination

Looking unkempt

Slurred speech

Typical signs of an overdose may include but are not limited to:

Drowsiness or trouble walking


Aggression or violent behavior

Difficulty breathing

Nausea and vomiting



Loss of consciousness

Alcohol and Drug Abuse: Prevention and Control

Young and adolescent
minds could be
molded in any direction depending on the kind of exposure they
get. They might befriend abusers and get into the habit of drinking, smoking or
taking drugs. At this point in time, it is the responsibility of the parents as
well as the teachers to handle the issue sensitively and guide them in the
right direction.

Here are certain
measures which need to be taken to prevent and control alcohol and drug abuse.

  • In the Indian society, the
    youth are often pushed beyond their limits to excel in every field.
    Parents want their kids to outperform their peer in studies, sports,
    creativity, and every other activity. Under excess pressure, the child
    often has the tendency to take up alcohol and drugs as a resort.

  • Persistent counselling is
    required to teach the child to deal with failures, pressures, stress, and
    disappointments. In fact, guiding them towards productive activities such
    as music, painting, yoga, sports or one of their hobbies could also help.

  • Children often pick up habits
    from their closed ones. Thus, the attitude of parents and older siblings
    towards alcohol, cigarettes, and drugs also affect the child’s choices.

  • In case the child is stressed
    out and on the verge of abuse, help must be sought from parents or even
    trusted friends who may guide them in the right direction, thereby helping
    him vent out their anxiety and guilt.

  • Parents must stay connected
    with the child, keeping a track of his whereabouts at all times. Spending
    more family time together will help them stay close and honest with their

  • If it is found that children
    have fallen prey to alcohol and drug abuse, their friends must immediately
    bring this to the notice of their parents or teachers, so that the latter
    could take remedial measures for the same.

  • However, despite all the
    prevention measures, if unfortunately, the child does get into the abuse,
    seek professional aid. There are a number of rehabilitation centres,
    de-addiction programs and qualified psychiatrists who would help to get
    rid of the problem.

Post a Comment