Biography of Mukesh Chand Mathur

 Mukesh Chand Mathur, popularly known as Mukesh, was a legendary playback singer in the Hindi film industry, known for his soulful voice and emotive singing style. Born on July 22, 1923, in Delhi, India, Mukesh rose to prominence during the Golden Age of Indian cinema and became one of the most beloved singers in Bollywood history. Here’s a biography of Mukesh highlighting his life, career, and legacy:

Early Life and Background

  • Birth and Childhood:

    • Mukesh was born into a middle-class family in Delhi. His father, Zorawar Chand Mathur, was an engineer.
    • His family moved to Bombay (now Mumbai) when Mukesh was young, where he completed his education.
  • Early Musical Influence:

    • Mukesh developed a keen interest in music from an early age. He was inspired by the legendary singer K.L. Saigal and often sang Saigal's songs in his youth.
    • His talent for singing was noticed by his school teachers and friends, who encouraged him to pursue a career in music.

Career in Playback Singing

  • Entry into Bollywood:

    • Mukesh’s entry into the film industry was facilitated by his cousin, the famous actor Motilal. Motilal introduced Mukesh to producer-director Nitin Bose, who gave him his first break in the film "Nirdosh" (1941).
    • Although Mukesh’s early songs received positive feedback, he initially struggled to establish himself as a playback singer.
  • Breakthrough:

    • Mukesh’s breakthrough came in 1945 with the song "Dil Jalta Hai To Jalne De" from the film "Pehli Nazar". The song, composed by Anil Biswas, showcased Mukesh’s distinctive voice and emotional depth, earning him widespread recognition.
  • Collaborations and Success:

    • Mukesh collaborated with several prominent music directors and lyricists of his time, including Naushad, Shankar Jaikishan, and Sahir Ludhianvi.
    • His association with Raj Kapoor, the legendary actor-director-producer, was particularly notable. Mukesh lent his voice to many iconic songs picturized on Raj Kapoor, establishing a lasting musical partnership.

Musical Style and Contributions

  • Voice and Emotion:

    • Mukesh was known for his mellifluous voice and ability to convey deep emotions through his singing. His voice had a unique blend of sadness and longing, making him the voice of choice for melancholic and romantic songs.
    • He could effortlessly modulate his voice to suit the mood and character portrayed on screen, which endeared him to audiences and filmmakers alike.
  • Iconic Songs:

    • Mukesh’s repertoire includes numerous timeless classics such as "Mera Joota Hai Japani" from "Shree 420", "Kahin Door Jab Din Dhal Jaye" from "Anand", "Jeena Yahan Marna Yahan" from "Mera Naam Joker", and "Maine Tere Liye Hi Saat Rang Ke Sapne Chune" from "Anand" among many others.
    • His songs often reflected the joys and sorrows of life, resonating deeply with listeners across generations.

Awards and Recognition

  • Filmfare Awards:

    • Mukesh received several Filmfare Awards for Best Playback Singer during his career. Notable wins include "Sab Kuch Seekha Humne" from "Anari" (1960) and "Jai Bolo Beimaan Ki" from "Beimaan" (1972).
  • Honors and Tributes:

    • Mukesh’s contribution to Indian cinema was honored posthumously with the Padma Shri in 1974, one of India's highest civilian awards, for his exceptional contribution to the arts.

Personal Life and Legacy

  • Family Life:

    • Mukesh married Saral Trivedi in 1946, and they had five children together. His son Nitin Mukesh also became a playback singer in Bollywood, continuing his father's musical legacy.
  • Legacy:

    • Mukesh’s influence on Bollywood music remains profound. His songs continue to evoke nostalgia and admiration for their simplicity, depth, and emotional resonance.
    • He is remembered as a singer who captured the essence of Indian cinema’s golden era and left an indelible mark on the hearts of millions of music lovers worldwide.


  • Tragic End:
    • Mukesh passed away on August 27, 1976, at the age of 53, due to a heart attack in Detroit, Michigan, USA, where he was on a concert tour. His untimely death shocked the film industry and his fans alike, leaving behind a void in the world of playback singing.

Mukesh’s musical journey from humble beginnings to becoming a beloved playback singer exemplifies dedication, talent, and perseverance. His timeless songs continue to be cherished and celebrated, ensuring that his legacy as the "Voice of Raj Kapoor" and a pioneer in Bollywood playback singing endures for generations to come.

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