education policies of India.


 Which schooling policies are the newest? Is this the very first? When was the initial education policy put into practice? Students may have inquiries about educational policy. The Narendra Modi administration passed the most recent education strategy on July 29, 2020. The previous regulation, NPE 1986, was replaced by this one. This is the BJP's inaugural educational strategy.

Key proposals of the national education policy, 2020

  •   The nep suggests changing the academic framework of the school from [10 + 2] of schooling to [5+3+3+4].
  • The duration of the undergraduate [UG] degree structure will be 3 or 4 years. There are currently numerous entries.
  • The government will stop offering the M. Philosophy program.
  • Under the new nep 2020, higher education institutions will now be able to offer a master's degree that lasts just one year.

  • To avoid damaging hierarchies and silos between various fields of learning, there won't be a clear division between the arts and sciences, between the curriculum and extracurricular activities, between academic and vocational streams, etc. The most crucial and required adjustments were made in this new educational policy. The implementation of this is crucial, and it has already started and received positive feedback.

 The first education policy.

In 1968, the Indira Gandhi administration established the first education policy. The Kothari commission (1964–1955) served as the foundation for this approach. This was renowned for its radical reconstruction and equal access to education.

1968's education policy features.

  1. Free and compulsory education till the age of 14 years.
  2.  Improvement in status, emoluments, and competence of the teachers. 
  3. Three language formulas Hindi, Sanskrit, and international language especially English should be implemented.
  4. Equal education opportunities for all sections of society. 
  5. Subjects like science and mathematics should be an integral part of general education. 
  6. Agriculture and industry education.
  7. The quality of books should be improved. 
  8. Adult education program.

 National education policy 1986.

This was the second education policy of India and was launched under the government of Rajiv Gandhi. This basically works on two major things removal of disputants and providing educational opportunities.

 Key resolutions of education policy 1986.

  • Operation blackboard was launched by NPE in 1986 to expand primary education nationwide. That's why the NPE 1986 was known as the child-centered approach.
  • Make provision for the employment of teachers from sc, st, and background. 
  • Expand scholarships to encourage pupils. 
  • Promote adult education as well as introduce open universities. [ IGNOU in 1985 ] 
  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, mid-day meal scheme, Navodaya Vidyalaya [NVS] Kendriya Vidyalaya,[KVS] and use of information and technology in education started by the NPE 1986. 6. A national curriculum framework should be developed nationwide. 
  • It recommends strengthening institutions of national importance like UGC, NCERT, etc.

 National education policy 1992. 

This education is a modification of the old policy of 1986. This policy was implemented in 1992 by the government of P.V. Narasimha Rao. It was based on the ram Murthi commission led by chairperson Sri. Janardhan Reddy.

 Important points of education policy 1992.

  1. To accept +2 level as part of school education.
  2.  Greater emphasis was given to Samagra Shaksharta Abhiyan. 
  3. Operation blackboard as three classrooms and three teachers and should implement in upper primary classes.
  4. This was also recognized as a common minimum program in 2005. 
  5.  Adding a common entrance exam for the professional and technical programs.

India had four different education strategies up until this point, each of which was distinct in its own way. The government of Indira Gandhi deserves credit for the education strategy because she took the initiative and introduced the country's first-ever education plan. Every policy, nevertheless, has many benefits, and we hope the students will take use of them. Education is the manifestation of perfection already existent in man, according to Swami Vivekananda. The manifestation of a person's innate religious nature is their divinity.

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